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Psychological Bulletin

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The Psychological Bulletin is a monthly peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes evaluative and integrative research reviews and interpretations of issues in ...

Psychological Bulletin

Nevertheless, this study does have some limitations, especially low response rate. Risk perception concerns the subjective judgment that people make about the characteristics and severity of risks. We examined the distribution of demographic characteristics, disaster-related stressors, perceived risks of radiation exposure and psychological distress using tests.

Each question is rated on a five-point likert scale, with higher scores signifying higher psychological distress. Tohoku earthquake and subsequent tsunami (6. The most frequent responses were as follows immediate effects were considered very unlikely, delayed effects were unlikely and genetic effects were very likely.

This scale, which ranges from zero to 24, asks respondents whether they have experienced six mental health symptoms during the past 30 days. Windows (statacorp lp, college station, united states of america). In the adjusted models, after controlling for individual characteristics and disaster-related stressors, the corresponding ors were not changed substantially, or 1.

Mental health group of the fukushima health management survey a. In the event of a complex disaster such as the fukushima disaster, living in an unfamiliar place might not strongly affect psychological distress, especially for those who voluntarily chose to move away from fukushima. Multicollinearity was assessed using variance inflation factors.

Predictably, those who experienced more severe disaster damage had more subsequent lifestyle changes, such as moving homes, changing jobs and experiencing a decrease in income and these stressors may have been correlated with each other. This resulted in a final sample of 59 807 (33. The variable was reclassified into quartiles for inclusion in regression models.

People who had experienced more severe disaster damage were more concerned about radiation risk. Similar factors can reasonably be expected to have affected fukushima residents indeed, research on health workers dispatched after the earthquake revealed that their concerns over radiation exposure adversely affected their mental health status. One exception was that living outside fukushima prefecture was not associated with psychological distress among the study population. Another limitation is the use of the k6 scale, which measures non-specific psychological distress. However, brief measures of psychological distress such as the k6 are relevant because the evacuees experienced continuous life stressors such as relocation or uncertainty regarding radiation health effects as well as the immediate effects of the earthquake and tsunami.


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Psychological Bulletin

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2003, 81 (9) 671 Introduction Low back pain is neither a disease nor a diagnostic entity of any sort. The term refers to ...
Psychological Bulletin Among evacuees of the fukushima disaster, Incorrect understanding of health effects of radiation was related to poor mental health status in a study of people in nagasaki. On january 18, 2012, Each question is rated on a five-point likert scale. To examine the effect of multiple disaster stressors, we created a new variable (the number of stressors) equal to the sum of disaster-related stressors in the highest category, However, the proportion of people with psychological distress was more than double among the evacuees of the fukushima disaster, compared to the japanese population under normal conditions. The questionnaire on mental health and lifestyle was self-administered. Elderly people (65 years and older) were more concerned about immediate effects than younger age groups. This may have been due to the complex nature of this disaster, which involves uncertainty about the radiation effects on health, We excluded 9245 responses that were completed by another family member. Likewise, a high proportion of the evacuees in fukushima have experienced psychological distress and traumatic reactions. It is estimated that the prevalence of mental health problems may double at times of disaster.
  • WHO | Psychological distress and the perception of radiation...


    In the adjusted models, after controlling for individual characteristics and disaster-related stressors, the corresponding ors were not changed substantially, or 1. This is in line with the approach of psychological first aid, which aims to promote the psychosocial well-being of the people affected by a disaster by assessing and offering practical help. The fukushima health management survey was implemented to monitor the long-term health and lifestyle changes of the evacuees following the fukushima disaster. The variable was reclassified into quartiles for inclusion in regression models. Another limitation is the use of the k6 scale, which measures non-specific psychological distress.

    These different age patterns are consistent with the suggestion that parents and grandparents were concerned about radiation health effects on their children. The present study was conducted as a part of a longitudinal study to monitor the mental health status of evacuees of the fukushima disaster. Fukushima prefecture developmental disability support center, fukushima, japan. The most frequent responses were as follows immediate effects were considered very unlikely, delayed effects were unlikely and genetic effects were very likely. In the event of a complex disaster such as the fukushima disaster, living in an unfamiliar place might not strongly affect psychological distress, especially for those who voluntarily chose to move away from fukushima.

    Likewise, a high proportion of the evacuees in fukushima have experienced psychological distress and traumatic reactions. The questionnaire was returned by 73 569 (40. In terms of risk perception, the result of this study was consistent with findings from studies conducted in chernobyl, which indicated that greater perceived radiation risks were associated with poor mental health. Associations between perceived risks of radiation exposure and psychological distress were investigated in logistic regression models. These items were translated into japanese, then back to english, and modified after discussion with the authors of the questionnaire. Risk perception is an additional factor affecting mental health following a nuclear disaster. On the other hand, higher educational attainment was associated with lower perceived risk. Taken together, it appears that psychological status is related to the perception of radiation risks. The results obtained here cannot be generalized to evacuees in other disasters or other populations under normal circumstances, as each disaster has different features and the affected community has different social and demographic characteristics. Similar factors can reasonably be expected to have affected fukushima residents indeed, research on health workers dispatched after the earthquake revealed that their concerns over radiation exposure adversely affected their mental health status.

    Psychological distress and the perception of radiation risks: the Fukushima health management survey Yuriko Suzuki a, Hirooki Yabe b, Seiji Yasumura b ...

    Psychological testing - Wikipedia

    Psychological testing is the administration of psychological tests, which are designed to be "an objective and standardized measure of a sample of behavior". The term ...
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    These different age patterns are consistent with the suggestion that parents and grandparents were concerned about radiation health effects on their children. Another limitation is the use of the k6 scale, which measures non-specific psychological distress. In the context of disasters, the clinical significance of the chosen threshold score of 13 is not clear. Windows (statacorp lp, college station, united states of america). However, brief measures of psychological distress such as the k6 are relevant because the evacuees experienced continuous life stressors such as relocation or uncertainty regarding radiation health effects as well as the immediate effects of the earthquake and tsunami Buy now Psychological Bulletin

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    Predictably, those who experienced more severe disaster damage had more subsequent lifestyle changes, such as moving homes, changing jobs and experiencing a decrease in income and these stressors may have been correlated with each other. Tohoku earthquake and subsequent tsunami (6. However, brief measures of psychological distress such as the k6 are relevant because the evacuees experienced continuous life stressors such as relocation or uncertainty regarding radiation health effects as well as the immediate effects of the earthquake and tsunami. Previous research has identified factors affecting mental health following a disaster, including female gender, low-socioeconomic status, experience of severe disaster damage, poor social support, physical injuries, history of mental illness or traumatic experience and proximity to the disaster site Psychological Bulletin Buy now

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    We also collected data on individual characteristics including age, gender, educational attainment (elementary school or junior high school, high school, vocational college or junior college, university or graduate school) and history of mental illness. However, there were stronger associations with the number of disaster-related stressors. In terms of risk perception, the result of this study was consistent with findings from studies conducted in chernobyl, which indicated that greater perceived radiation risks were associated with poor mental health. Model 1 included disaster-related stressors as separate variables, while model 2 used our derived variable indicating the number of stressors (classified into quartiles) Buy Psychological Bulletin at a discount

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    In the event of a complex disaster such as the fukushima disaster, living in an unfamiliar place might not strongly affect psychological distress, especially for those who voluntarily chose to move away from fukushima. This may have been due to the complex nature of this disaster, which involves uncertainty about the radiation effects on health. In model 2, increased psychological distress was associated with the number of disaster-related stressors (table 2, model 2). Previous studies of nuclear disasters and mental health were done long after the disaster, our study was conducted within one year of the disaster. On the other hand, higher educational attainment was associated with lower perceived risk Buy Online Psychological Bulletin

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    For the remaining variables, missing data were replaced with their respective reference category. One exception was that living outside fukushima prefecture was not associated with psychological distress among the study population. Windows (statacorp lp, college station, united states of america). Multicollinearity was assessed using variance inflation factors. This resulted in a final sample of 59 807 (33.

    The present study was conducted as a part of a longitudinal study to monitor the mental health status of evacuees of the fukushima disaster. The common stressors associated with greater perceived risk were experience of bereavement, severe housing damage, not owning the place of residence and decreased income, for all three types of health effects Buy Psychological Bulletin Online at a discount

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    This study is supported by the national health fund for children and adults affected by the nuclear incident. This may have been due to the complex nature of this disaster, which involves uncertainty about the radiation effects on health. The data reported here are from a baseline cross-sectional survey conducted in 2012, within a year of the disaster. Predictably, those who experienced more severe disaster damage had more subsequent lifestyle changes, such as moving homes, changing jobs and experiencing a decrease in income and these stressors may have been correlated with each other. In the context of disasters, the clinical significance of the chosen threshold score of 13 is not clear.

    Multicollinearity was assessed using variance inflation factors Psychological Bulletin For Sale

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    On the other hand, higher educational attainment was associated with lower perceived risk. On january 18, 2012, questionnaires were posted out to evacuees who were at least 15 years old on march 11, 2011 (   180 604). Nevertheless, this study does have some limitations, especially low response rate. This resulted in a final sample of 59 807 (33. There were weak associations between individual disaster-related stressors and psychological distress.

    Age was categorized as follows 1549 years (reproductive age), information on disaster-related stressors was collected from the questionnaire, including living place (in or out of fukushima prefecture) living arrangement at the time of the survey (evacuation shelter, temporary housing, rental housingapartment, relatives house, own house or other) employment (full-time, part-time or unemployed) loss of employment (yesno) decrease in income (yesno) damage to house (no damage, partial damage, partial collapse, partial but extensive collapse or total collapse) and death of someone close (yesno) For Sale Psychological Bulletin

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    Factors associated with psychological distress reported in previous disaster research were also associated with psychological distress here, demonstrating that these findings were generally consistent with previous studies of other types of disaster. These different age patterns are consistent with the suggestion that parents and grandparents were concerned about radiation health effects on their children. The proportion of those with psychological distress was far greater in our study (14. In the adjusted models, after controlling for individual characteristics and disaster-related stressors, the corresponding ors were not changed substantially, or 1. The received wisdom of tudor calumnies and historical circumstance surrounding key events such as his assumption of the throne, the execution of hastings and the disappearance of his nephews generates a prima facie case for questioning his personality even if, individually, the accuracy of tudor commentaries and their interpretation of each of these events is, at the very least, open to serious doubt Sale Psychological Bulletin

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